Baseline Assessment of Literacy and Numeracy Skills of Beginning Grade 1 Pupils Initiated To Inform Policy Makers

With the goal of improving early grade literacy and numeracy, DepEd worked jointly with UP NISMED in conducting a baseline study on early grade reading and mathematics. Baseline assessments were conducted during the second quarter of the academic year 2015-2016 for beginning Grade 1 pupils. UP NISMED processed and analyzed the early grade reading performances of 5,014 beginning Grade 1 pupils from selected divisions of Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), Region V, Region VIII, Region IX, and Caraga Region from January to February 2016. In addition, the Institute processed and analyzed a total of 6,561 early grade mathematics performances of beginning Grade 1 pupils from selected divisions of CAR, Region V, Region VI, Region VIII, Region IX, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), and Caraga Region.

The tools used in the assessments were validated and adapted from the Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) and Early Grade Mathematics Assessment (EGMA) developed by the Research Triangle Institute (RTI) International.Cognizant of the initial implementation of the Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE), DepEd also contextualized the EGRA and EGMA tools in five selected Philippine mother tongues namely, Ilokano (for CAR), Bikol (for Region V), Waray (for Region VIII), Chavacano (for Region IX), and Sinugbuanong Binisaya (for the Caraga Region). The EGMA was contextualized in two more Philippine mother tongues, namely, Hiligaynon (for Region VI) and Maguindanaoan (for ARMM).

The study was done to establish reference data of literacy and numeracy in selected Philippine mother tongues among beginning Grade 1 pupils. Results of the study will serve as reference point for succeeding early grade reading and mathematics assessments.